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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 3: The trend of mean heart rate at the time of arrival, immediately before and after laryngoscopy, 1, 5, 10 and 15 min after laryngoscopy and intubation of patients undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia. Note: Data are expressed as mean and analyzed by one-way analysis of variance followed by Tukey post hoc test. NS: Normal saline; DEX: dexmedetomidine; REM: remifentanil; min: minute(s).

Figure 3: The trend of mean heart rate at the time of arrival, immediately before and after laryngoscopy, 1, 5, 10 and 15 min after laryngoscopy and intubation of patients undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia.
Note: Data are expressed as mean and analyzed by one-way analysis of variance followed by Tukey <i>post hoc</i> test. NS: Normal saline; DEX: dexmedetomidine; REM: remifentanil; min: minute(s).