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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 4: Mode pattern of the experimental pathways of placental damage and dysfunction, and the possible steps of hydrogen intervention. Note: OsmP: Osmotic pressure; RAS: renin-angiotensin system; ®: restrictive function; dROM: derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolites; AT1R: angiotensin II type 1 receptor; 8-OhdG: 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine; JUK: c-Jun N-terminal kinase; MDA: malondialdehyde; NFκB: nuclear factor κB; SOD: superoxide dismutase.

Figure 4: Mode pattern of the experimental pathways of placental damage and dysfunction, and the possible steps of hydrogen intervention.
Note: OsmP: Osmotic pressure; RAS: renin-angiotensin system; ®: restrictive function; dROM: derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolites; AT1R: angiotensin II type 1 receptor; 8-OhdG: 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine; JUK: c-Jun N-terminal kinase; MDA: malondialdehyde; NFκB: nuclear factor κB; SOD: superoxide dismutase.