Medical Gas Research

RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 135--143

Effects of the long-term consumption of hydrogen-rich water on the antioxidant activity and the gut flora in female juvenile soccer players from Suzhou, China


Ji-Bin Sha1, Shuang-Shuang Zhang2, Yi-Ming Lu3, Wen-Jing Gong3, Xiao-Ping Jiang4, Jian-Jun Wang4, Tong-Ling Qiao5, Hong-Hong Zhang5, Min-Qian Zhao4, Da-Peng Wang4, Hua Xia5, Zhong-Wei Li6, Jian-Liang Chen6, Lin Zhang8, Cheng-Gang Zhang3 
1 Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, State Key Laboratory of Proteomics, Cognitive and Mental Health Research Center, Beijing; School of Sports and Health, Shandong Sports University, Jinan, Shandong Province, China
2 Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, State Key Laboratory of Proteomics, Cognitive and Mental Health Research Center, Beijing; School of Sports Science, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China
3 Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, State Key Laboratory of Proteomics, Cognitive and Mental Health Research Center, Beijing, China
4 Suzhou Sports School, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China
5 Suzhou Research Institute of Sports Science, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China
6 Suzhou New Chengshi Health Management Co., Ltd., Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China

Correspondence Address:
Cheng-Gang Zhang
Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, State Key Laboratory of Proteomics, Cognitive and Mental Health Research Center, Beijing
China
Lin Zhang
School of Sports Science, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province
China

Expending a considerable amount of physical energy inevitably leads to fatigue during both training and competition in football. An increasing number of experimental findings have confirmed the relationship between the generation and clearance of free radicals, fatigue, and exercise injury. Recently, hydrogen was identified as a new selective antioxidant with potential beneficial applications in sports. The present study evaluated the effect of 2-month consumption of hydrogen-rich water on the gut flora in juvenile female soccer players from Suzhou. As demonstrated by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and 16S rDNA sequence analysis of stool samples, the consumption of hydrogen-rich water for two months significantly reduced serum malondialdehyde, interleukin-1, interleukin-6, tumour necrosis factor-α levels; then significantly increased serum superoxide dismutase, total antioxidant capacity levels and haemoglobin levels of whole blood. Furthermore, the consumption of hydrogen-rich water improved the diversity and abundance of the gut flora in athletes. All examined indices, including the shannon, sobs, ace, and chao indices, were higher in the control group than those proposed to result from hydrogen-rich water consumption prior to the trial, but these indices were all reversed and were higher than those in the controls after the 2-month intervention. Nevertheless, there were some differences in the gut flora components of these two groups before the trial, whereas there were no significant changes in the gut flora composition during the trial period. Thus, the consumption of hydrogen-rich water for two months might play a role modulating in the gut flora of athletes based on its selective antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. The study protocol was approved by the ethics committee of the Suzhou Sports School (approved number: SSS-EC150903).


How to cite this article:
Sha JB, Zhang SS, Lu YM, Gong WJ, Jiang XP, Wang JJ, Qiao TL, Zhang HH, Zhao MQ, Wang DP, Xia H, Li ZW, Chen JL, Zhang L, Zhang CG. Effects of the long-term consumption of hydrogen-rich water on the antioxidant activity and the gut flora in female juvenile soccer players from Suzhou, China.Med Gas Res 2018;8:135-143


How to cite this URL:
Sha JB, Zhang SS, Lu YM, Gong WJ, Jiang XP, Wang JJ, Qiao TL, Zhang HH, Zhao MQ, Wang DP, Xia H, Li ZW, Chen JL, Zhang L, Zhang CG. Effects of the long-term consumption of hydrogen-rich water on the antioxidant activity and the gut flora in female juvenile soccer players from Suzhou, China. Med Gas Res [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Jan 22 ];8:135-143
Available from: http://www.medgasres.com/article.asp?issn=2045-9912;year=2018;volume=8;issue=4;spage=135;epage=143;aulast=Sha;type=0