• Users Online: 327
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 80-87

Recent advances in the neuroprotective effects of medical gases

Department of Anesthesiology, The 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, China

Correspondence Address:
Wan-Chao Yang
Department of Anesthesiology, The 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2045-9912.260649

Rights and Permissions

Central nervous system injuries are a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Although the exact pathophysiological mechanisms of various brain injuries vary, central nervous system injuries often result in an inflammatory response, and subsequently lead to brain damage. This suggests that neuroprotection may be necessany in the treatment of multiple disease models. The use of medical gases as neuroprotective agents has gained great attention in the medical field. Medical gases include common gases, such as oxygen, hydrogen and carbon dioxide; hydrogen sulphide and nitric oxide that have been considered toxic; volatile anesthetic gases, such as isoflurane and sevoflurane; and inert gases like helium, argon, and xenon. The neuroprotection from these medical gases has been investigated in experimental animal models of various types of brain injuries, such as traumatic brain injury, stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage, cerebral ischemic/reperfusion injury, and neurodegenerative diseases. Nevertheless, the transition into the clinical practice is still lagging. This delay could be attributed to the contradictory paradigms and the conflicting results that have been obtained from experimental models, as well as the presence of inconsistent reports regarding their safety. In this review, we summarize the potential mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective effects of medical gases and discuss possible candidates that could improve the outcomes of brain injury.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded188    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal