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RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 135-143

Effects of the long-term consumption of hydrogen-rich water on the antioxidant activity and the gut flora in female juvenile soccer players from Suzhou, China


1 Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, State Key Laboratory of Proteomics, Cognitive and Mental Health Research Center, Beijing; School of Sports and Health, Shandong Sports University, Jinan, Shandong Province, China
2 Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, State Key Laboratory of Proteomics, Cognitive and Mental Health Research Center, Beijing; School of Sports Science, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China
3 Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, State Key Laboratory of Proteomics, Cognitive and Mental Health Research Center, Beijing, China
4 Suzhou Sports School, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China
5 Suzhou Research Institute of Sports Science, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China
6 Suzhou New Chengshi Health Management Co., Ltd., Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China
7 School of Sports Science, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, China

Correspondence Address:
Cheng-Gang Zhang
Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, State Key Laboratory of Proteomics, Cognitive and Mental Health Research Center, Beijing
China
Lin Zhang
School of Sports Science, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province
China
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Source of Support: The study was supported by the National Basic Research Project of China (973 Program), No. 2012CB518200 (to ZCG), the General Program of the Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 81371232, 81573251 (to ZCG), and the Special Key Programs for Science and Technology of China, No. 2012ZX09102301-016 and 2014ZX09J14107-05B (to ZCG)., Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2045-9912.248263

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Expending a considerable amount of physical energy inevitably leads to fatigue during both training and competition in football. An increasing number of experimental findings have confirmed the relationship between the generation and clearance of free radicals, fatigue, and exercise injury. Recently, hydrogen was identified as a new selective antioxidant with potential beneficial applications in sports. The present study evaluated the effect of 2-month consumption of hydrogen-rich water on the gut flora in juvenile female soccer players from Suzhou. As demonstrated by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and 16S rDNA sequence analysis of stool samples, the consumption of hydrogen-rich water for two months significantly reduced serum malondialdehyde, interleukin-1, interleukin-6, tumour necrosis factor-α levels; then significantly increased serum superoxide dismutase, total antioxidant capacity levels and haemoglobin levels of whole blood. Furthermore, the consumption of hydrogen-rich water improved the diversity and abundance of the gut flora in athletes. All examined indices, including the shannon, sobs, ace, and chao indices, were higher in the control group than those proposed to result from hydrogen-rich water consumption prior to the trial, but these indices were all reversed and were higher than those in the controls after the 2-month intervention. Nevertheless, there were some differences in the gut flora components of these two groups before the trial, whereas there were no significant changes in the gut flora composition during the trial period. Thus, the consumption of hydrogen-rich water for two months might play a role modulating in the gut flora of athletes based on its selective antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. The study protocol was approved by the ethics committee of the Suzhou Sports School (approved number: SSS-EC150903).


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